Introduction to the Turkish language

Turkish is a very ancient language and belongs to the Altaic branch of the Ural-Altaic family of languages. The Turks were one of many linguistic and ethnic groups within the Ottoman Empire. As one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, it is spoken by almost 65 million people in Turkey and over a large geographical area in Europe and Asia.

It is spoken in Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uigur and some population in Cyprus (11.6%) Mongolia (1%), Iran (Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Turkish 1%) Iraq (10%). Furthermore, over  a million speakers are found in Bulgaria, Macedonia  and  Greece, more than 1.5  million speakers  live in Germany and nearly half a million live in other European countries.

With a few exceptions, the main features which distinguish the Altaic languages from Indo-European are as follows:

•     Vowel harmony is a feature of all Ural-Altaic tongues.

•     No gender.

•     Agglutination.

•     Adjectives precede nouns.

•     Verbs come at the end of the sentence.

Turkish businesspeople, especially the younger generations, sometimes tend to be not very open-minded; even though they are usually experienced in interacting and doing business with visitors from other cultures. gives you advice when doing business with Turkish business people.

Family Culture

The most essential social unit in the Turkish culture is the family. A Turk’s personal life is dependent on and revolves around family, friends and other community groups. Business relationships in this country exist between people, not necessarily between companies. The family loyalty is a vital aspect of Turkish society and one that has a major impact on Turkish business practices.


Most of the business people can speak at least some English, French, and/or German. CCJK suggest asking beforehand whether an interpreter should be present at a meeting. When communicating with people in English, speak slowly, in short, simple sentences and avoid using jargon and slang.


Always keep in mind that you are doing business with an Islamic country, the philosophy and ideology of Islam still remain a prevalent feature of Turkish culture. offers over 90+ languages translation and localization services to the clients all over the world. Turkish is one of our major support languages. Our native translators from Turkish speaking countries provide professional, local cultural services to our clients.

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Words translated by CCJK


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