In both English and Chinese literary works, there are many repetitions: repetition of words, repetition of phrases, and even repetition of sentences. To the specific repetition in English or Chinese, how should we deal with it in translation? Represent the same structure in target language, or just remain its meaning? Translate or not, that’s the question.
In literary works, there are two main functions of repetition. First, use repetition as a cohesive device. According to systematic function grammar, text cohesion can be divided into five types: nominatum, substitution, ellipsis, connection and word cohesion. Word cohesion includes reiteration and collocation. Second, use repetition as rhetoric. Repetitions are quite common in literature works, to strength momentum, or render some certain atmosphere.
Repetition: As a cohesive device.
According to Pan Wenguo (1997:350), English tend to use substitution methods such as preparation, while Chinese usually use repetition such as recurrence of the same words. Thus in translation, relevant transformation is necessary, in order to make the translation text smooth.
Chen Zhen nodded and scooped up a handful of snow, which he squeezed into a ball of ice. (Goldblatt, 2008)
Obviously, the second “雪” in Chinese is used for text cohesion. In English translation, the translator uses “which” to fulfill this function.
“Dorian! Dorian!” he cried, “Don’t talk like that. I have never had such a friend as you, and I shall never have such another. You are not jealous of material things, are you?” – you who are finer than any of them!” (Wilde, 1997)
“Basil,” he said, coming over quite close, and looking him straight in the face, “we have each of us a secret. Let me know yours, and I shall tell you mine. What was your reason for refusing to exhibit my picture?” (Wilde, 1997)