To begin with,the USA is themost developed and typical capitalist country in the contemporary era. The development of the USA is known as “Road of American mode”.Its features are: First,the USA is a country developed and constructed by immigrants. Since 17th century,especially from the end of 19 century to the beginning of 20th century, the immigrants scale reached the greatest magnitude. The American nation composed of immigrants featured optimism,boldness and pragmaticism. During 20th century, the USA experienced two immigrant-tide of great magnitude. The first began in the end of 19th century and ended in 1924 when the Immigrantion Restriction Act was proclaimed. The second began in the middle of 1960s partly due to the serious amendment of immigration law. According to statistics, in tens of years after 1790, people migrating west across Appalachian Mountains could be more than 100,000 per year; as for the land reclaimed during the forty years after 1860, the area could reach 252 million acre, equivalent to acrage in the past 270 years. The greatest positive result of such large-scale reclaimation was the formation of the three agricultural districts in the west. The first centred in the Midwestwas “the Kingdom of Wheat”. The second centred in the Gulf of Mexico was “the Kingdom of Cutton”. The third, with West Grasslandin the centre was “the Kingdom of Amimal Husbandry”. Besides,there remained area of fruits and vegetables production centered in the State of California, which laid the foundation of Agricultural Empire for the USA. The Westward Movement has built up the USA, yet at the high cost of a great number of Americans. Second, the USA has never undergone Feuderal Society. Since its foundation, the USA began to bring theproduction method from Europe where its immigrants came from. Guild, separatist regime and class of Feudalism never reigned over the country, which has helped to establish and develop the production method of Capitalism. In the history, America has also undergone two relatively thorough bourgeois revolutions,and it established the capitalist system eventually. Capitalist principles and bourgeois benefits were embodied to a great extent. Capitalism gained a significant development. Third,since the Civil War in 1865, the USA has never suffered the direct distruction caused by war. Thanks to the superior location of geography,favorable condition of nature,society and history,as well as the technology, funds and labors brought in from foreign countries, the economy of the USA grew rapidly. Since 1980, the industrial production of the USA began to outweigh that of the UK and leaped into the top of the world. During the Second World War,its economy of the USA boosted unprecedentedly due to its status of “the Arsenal of Democratic Countries”. In 1948,the industrial production of the USA accounted for 54.6 percent of the world, export volums of foreign trade 33 percent, gold reserves 25 percent, therefore the dollar become the core of world currency. Besides,the USA was the largest creditor country. With atomic bomb in one hand, with dollars in the other hand, the USA occupied the first place and began to promote its Global Strategy.Tags: American history
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