Dutch Grammar

The grammar of Dutch is slightly different from English. The order in which words are put in sentences are different in complex sentences. The most simple sentence-structure is “Subject – Verb”. The Dutch language has few grammatical tenses. The most used are:

  • onvoltooide tegenwoordige tijd (present simple)
  • onvoltooide verleden tijd (past simple)
  • voltooide tegenwoordige tijd (present perfect)
  • voltooide verleden tijd (past perfect)

Onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd
The simplest verb-time is the onvoltooide yegenwoordige tijd (ott; present simple). The ott is used when something is occurring now, or regularly (like: Hij eet regelmatig (He eats regularly)). Most verbs are conjugated (changed) in a regular form (these verbs are called regelmatige werkwoorden (regular verbs)). The word stem of the verb is still there in all of the conjugations (changes).

Read Also: Dutch Language Translation

Onvoltooid verleden tijd
The past form of the ott is the onvoltooid verleden tijd (ovt; past simple). The way how verbs are conjugated (changed) in the ovt is not easy to understand, and is mistaken often. This is because some verbs are conjugated by adding a D, while others are conjugated while adding a T. A way of solving this problem is the socalled ‘t kofschip.

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