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Legal Vocabulary

案件  case   案件发回  remand a case (to a low court)   案件名称  title of a case   案卷材料  materials in the case   案情陈述书  statement of case   案外人  person other than involved in the case   案值  total value involved in the case   败诉方  losing party   办案人员  personnel handling a case   保全措施申请书  application for protective measures   报案  report a case (to security authorities)   被告  defendant; the accused   被告人最后陈述  final statement of the accused   被告向原告第二次答辩  rejoinder   被害人  victim   被害人的诉讼代理人  victim's agent ad litem   被上诉人  respondent; the appellee   被申请人  respondent   被申请执行人  party against whom execution is filed   被执行人  person subject to enforcement   本诉  principal action   必要共同诉讼人  party in necessary co-litigation   变通管辖  jurisdiction by accord   辩护  defense   辩护律师  defense attorney/lawyer   辩护人  defender   辩护证据  exculpatory evidence; defense evidence   辩论阶段  stage of court debate   驳回反诉  dismiss a counterclaim; reject a counterclaim   驳回请求  deny/dismiss a motion   驳回上诉、维持原判  reject/dismiss the appeal and sustain the original judgement/ruling   驳回诉讼  dismiss an action/suit   驳回通知书  notice of dismissal   驳回自诉  dismiss/reject a private prosecution   驳回自诉裁定书  ruling of dismissing private-prosecuting case   补充答辩  supplementary answer   补充判决  supplementary judgement   补充侦查  supplementary investigation   不公开审理  trial in camera   不立案决定书  written decision of no case-filing   不批准逮捕决定书  written decision of disapproving an arrest   不起诉  nol pros   不予受理起诉通知书  notice of dismissal of accusation by the court   财产保全申请书  application for attachment; application for property preservation   裁定  order; determination (指最终裁定)   裁定管辖  jurisdiction by order   裁定书  order; ruling   裁决书  award   采信的证据  admitted evidence   查封  seal up   撤回上诉  withdraw appeal   撤诉  withdraw a lawsuit   撤销立案  revoke a case placed on file   撤销原判,发回重审 rescind the original judgement and remand the case ro the original court for retrial   出示的证据  exhibit   除权判决  invalidating judgement (for negotiable instruments)   传唤  summon; call   传闻证据  hearsay   答辩  answer; reply   答辩陈述书  statement of defence   答辩状  answer; reply   大法官  associate justices; justice   大检察官  deputy chief procurator   代理控告  agency for accusation   代理申诉  agency for appeal   代理审判员  acting judge   代为申请取保候审  agency for application of the bail pending trial with restricted liberty of moving   弹劾式诉讼  accusatory procedure   当事人陈述  statement of the parties   当庭宣判  pronouncement of judgement or sentence in court   地区管辖  territorial jurisdiction   地区检察分院  inter-mediate People's Procuratorate   第三人  third party   调查笔录  record of investigation   定期宣判 pronouncement of judgement or sentence later on a fixed date   定罪证据  incriminating evidence; inculpatory evidence   冻结  freeze   督促程序  procedure of supervision and urge 独任庭  sole-judge bench   独任仲裁员  sole arbitrator   对妨碍民事诉讼的强制措施  compulsory measures against impairment of civil action   对席判决  judgement inter parties   二审  trial of second instance   二审案件  case of trial of second insurance   罚款  impose a fine   法定证据  statutory legal evidence   法定证据制度  system of legal evidence   法官  judges   法警  bailiff; court police   法律文书  legal instruments/papers   法律援助  legal aid   法律咨询  legal consulting   法庭辩论  court debate   法庭调查  court investigation   法庭审理笔录  court record   法庭审理方式  mode of court trial   法庭庭长  chief judge of a tribunal   法院  court   法院公告  court announcement   反诉  counterclaim   反诉答辩状  answer with counterclaim   反诉状  counterclaim   犯罪嫌疑人  criminal suspect   附带民事诉讼案件  a collateral civil action   附带民事诉讼被告  defendant of collateral civil action   复查  reexamination; recheck   复验  reinspect   高级法官  senior judge   高级检察官  senior procurator   高级人民法院  Higher People's Court   告诉案件  case of complaint   告诉才处理的案件  case accepted at complaint   告诉申诉庭  complaint and petition division   工读学校  work-study school for delinquent children   公安部  Ministry of Public Security   公安分局  public security sub-bureau   公安厅  public security bureau at the levels of provinces, autonomous regions and cities under direct jurisdiction of central government   公开审理  trial in public   公开审判制度  open trial system   公示催告程序  procedure of public summons for exhortation   公诉案件  public-prosecuting case   公诉词  statement of public prosecution   公证机关  public notary office   共同管辖  concurrent jurisdiction   管辖  jurisdiction   国际司法协助  international judicial assistance   海事法院  maritime court   合议庭  collegial panel   合议庭评议笔录  record of deliberating by the collegiate bench   和解  composition; compromise   核对诉讼当事人身份  check identity of litigious parties   恢复执行  resumption of execution   回避  withdrawal   混合式诉讼  mixed action   基层人民法院  basic People's Court   羁押期限  term in custody   级别管辖  subject matter jurisdiction of courts at different levels   监视居住  living at home under surveillance   监狱  prison   检察官  procurator   检察权  prosecutorial power   检察委员会  procuratorial/prosecutorial committee   检察院  procuratorate   检察院派出机构  outpost tribunal of procuratorate   简易程序  summary procedure   鉴定结论  expert conclusion   经济审判庭  economic tribunal   径行判决  direct adjudication without sessions; judgement without notice   纠问式诉讼  inquisitional proceedings   拘传  summon by force; summon by warrant   拘留所  detention house   举报  information/report of an offence   举证责任  burden of proof; onus probandi   决定书  decision   军事法院  military procuratorate   开庭审理  open a court session   开庭通知  notice of court session   勘验笔录  record of inquest   看守所  detention house   可执行财产  executable property   控告式诉讼  accusatory proceedings   控诉证据  incriminating evidence   控诉职能  accusation function   扣押  distrain on; attachment 扣押物  distress/distraint   宽限期  period of grace   劳动争议仲裁申请书  petition for labor dispute arbitration   劳改场  reform-through-labor farm   劳教所  reeducation-through-labor office   类推判决的核准程序  procedure for examination and approval of analogical sentence   累积证据  cumulative evidence   立案报告  place a case on file   立案管辖  functional jurisdiction   立案决定书  written decision of case-filing   立案侦查  report of placing a case on file   利害关系人  interested party   临时裁决书  interim award   律师见证书  lawyer's written attestation; lawyer's written authentication   律师事务所  law office; law firm   律师提前介入  prior intervention by lawyer   免于刑事处分  exemption from criminal penalty   民事案件  civil case   民事审判庭  civil tribunal   民事诉讼  civil action   民事诉讼法  Civil Procedural Law   扭送  seize and deliver a suspect to the police   派出法庭  detached tribunal   派出所  police station   判决  judgement; determination   判决书  judgement; determination; verdict (指陪审团作出的)   旁证  circumstantial evidence   陪审员  juror   批准逮捕  approval of arrest   破案  clear up a criminal case; solve a criminal case   破产  bankruptcy; insolvency   普通程序  general/ordinary procedure   普通管辖  general jurisdiction   企业法人破产还债程序  procedure of bankruptcy and liquidation of a business corporation   起诉  filing of a lawsuit   起诉  sue; litigate; prosecute; institution of proceedings   起诉状  indictment; information   区县检察院  grassroots People's Procuratorate   取保候审  the bail pending trial with restricted liberty of moving   缺席判决  default judgement   人民调解委员会  People's Mediation Committee   认定财产无主案件  cases concerning determination of property as qwnerless   认定公民无民事行为能力、限制民事行为能力案件cases concerning determination of a citizen as incompetent or with limited disposing capacity   上诉  appeal   上诉人  appellant   上诉状  petition for appeal   少管所  juvenile prison   社会治安综合治理  comprehensive treatment of social security   涉外案件  cases involving foreign interests   涉外民事诉讼  foreign civil proceedings   涉外刑事诉讼  foreign criminal proceedings   申请人  applicant; petitioner   申请书  petition; application for arbitration   申请执行人  execution applicant   申诉人宣誓书  claimant's affidavit of authenticity   申诉书  appeal for revision; petition for revision   神示证据制度  system of divinity evidence   神示制度  ordeal system   审查案件  case review   审查并决定逮捕  examine and decide arrest   审查起诉阶段  stage of review and prosecution   审理通知书  notice of hearing   审判长  presiding judge   审判长宣布开庭  presiding judge announce court in session   审判管辖  adjudgement/trial jurisdiction   审判监督程序  procedure for trial supervision   审判委员会  judicial committee   审判员  judge   审问式诉讼  inquisitional proceedings   生效判决裁定  legally effective judgement/order   胜诉方  winning party   省市自治区检察院  higher People's Procuratorate   失踪和死亡宣告  declaration of disappearance and death   实(质)体证据  substantial evidence   实物证据  tangible evidence   实在证据  real evidence   示意证据  demonstrative evidence   视听证据  audio-visual evidence   收容所  collecting post; safe retreat   首席大法官  chief justice   首席检察官  chief procurator   受害人的近亲属  victim's immediate family   受理  acceptance   受理刑事案件审批表  registration form of acceptance of criminal case   受送达人  the addressee   书记员  court clerk   书记员宣读法庭纪律  court clerk reads court rules   书证  documentary evidence   司法部  Ministry of Justice   司法机关  judicial organizatons   司法警察  judicial police   司法局  judicial bureau   司法厅  judicial bureau at the levels of provinces, autonomous regions, and cities under direct jurisdiction of central government   司法协助  judicial assistance   死缓的复核  judicial review of death sentence with a retrieve   死刑复核程序  procedure for judicial review of death sentence 死刑复核权  competence for judicial review of death sentence   送达  service of process   送达传票  service of summons/subpoena   送达诉状  service of bill of complaint   搜查  search   诉  sue; suit; action; lawsuit   诉前财产保全  property attachment prior to lawsuit   诉讼  litigation; lawsuit; sue; action   诉讼保全  attachment   诉讼参加人  litigious participants   诉讼代理人  agent ad litem   诉状  complaint; bill of complaint; state of claim   特别程序  special procedures   提起公诉  institute a public prosecution   铁路法院  railway court   铁路检察院  railroad transport procuratorate   庭审程序  procedure of court trial   通缉  wanted for arrest   投案  appearance   退回补充侦查  return of a case for supplementary investigation   委托辩护  entrusted defense   未成年人法庭  juvenile court   无行政职务的法官  associate judge   无正当理由拒不到庭  refuse to appear in court without due cause   无罪判决  acquittal, finding of “ not guilty ”   物证  material evidence   先予执行申请书  application for advanced execution   先予执行  advanced execution   刑事案件  criminal case   刑事拘留  criminal detention   刑事强制拘留  criminal coercive/compulsory measures   刑事审判庭  criminal tribunal   刑事诉讼  criminal proceedings   刑事诉讼法  Criminal Procedural Law   刑事自诉状  self-incriminating criminal complaint   行政案件  administrative case   行政审判庭  administrative tribunal   行政诉讼  administrative proceedings   行政诉讼法  Administrative Procedural Law   宣告失踪、宣告死亡案件  cases concerning the declaration of disappearance and death   宣判笔录  record of rendition of judgement   选民资格案件  cases concerning qualifications of voters   询问证人  inquire/question a witness   训诫  reprimand   讯问笔录  record of interrogation   询问犯罪嫌疑人  interrogate criminal suspect   言词证据  verbal evidence   要求传唤证人申请书  application for subpoena   一裁终局  arbitration award shall be final and binding   一审  trial of first instance   一审案件  case of trial of first instance   应诉通知书  notice of respondence to action   有罪判决  sentence; finding of “guilty”   予审  preliminary examinantion; pretrial   原告  plaintiff   院长  court president   阅卷笔录  record of file review (by lawyers)   再审案件  case of retrial   再审申请书  petition for retrial   责令具结悔过  order to sign a statement of repentance   债权人会议  creditors' meeting   侦查阶段  investigation stage   侦查终结  conclusion of investigation   征询原、被告最后意见  consulting final opinion of the plaintiff and defendant   证据  evidence   证据保全  preserve evidence   证据保全申请书  application for evidence preservation   证人证言  testimony of witness; affidavit   支付令  payment order/warrant   知识产权庭  intellectual property tribunal   执行程序  procedure execution   执行逮捕  execution of arrest   执行和解  conciliation of execution   执行回转  recovery of execution   执行庭  executive tribunal   执行异议  objection to execution   执行员  executor   执行中止  discontinuance of execution   执行终结  conclusion of execution   指定辩护  appointed defense   指定仲裁员声明  statement of appointing arbitrator   中级人民法院  intermediate People's Court   中途退庭  retreat during court session without permission   仲裁  arbitration   仲裁被诉人  respondent; defendant   仲裁裁决  award   仲裁申请书  arbitration   仲裁申诉人  claimant; plaintiff   仲裁庭  arbitration tribunal   仲裁委员会  arbitration committee   仲裁协议  arbitration agreement; clauses of arbitration   仲裁员  arbitrator   主诉检察官  principal procurator   助理检察官  assistant procurator   助理审判员  assistant judge   专门法院  special court   专门管辖  specific jurisdiction   专属管辖  exclusive jurisdiction   追究刑事责任  investigate for criminal responsibility   自首  confession to justice   自诉案件  private-prosecuting case   自行辩护  self-defense   自由心证制度  doctrine of discretional evaluation of evidence   自侦案件  self-investigating case   最高人民法院  the Supreme People's Court   最高人民检察院  the Supreme People's Procuratorate   最后裁决书  final award

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