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How to Use Idioms in Translating Scientific Paper

Translation is a kind of arduous job. Sometimes we have already understood the source language but it is just difficult for us to express it in the target language. But anyhow one should not only understand the source language well but also be good at expressing it in target language. Scientific paper is rigorous in its style and most of the idioms are the essence of our language. When we conbine the two together, that is to say,  translating scientific paper using idioms, we can make the language accurate, concise and lively. The entire sentence would be very harmonious, decent and natural. If the translation is far-fetched, derivative and abuse,  it will make the idiom be stools, nondescript, and imprecise. One must take the coordination with the style into consideration. Here are some examples to use idioms during our translation. 1. Idioms used as Nouns It is a world that is completely and utterly dead, a sterile mountainous waste on which during the day the sun blazes down with great heat,but where during the long night the cold is so intense that surpasses anything ever experienced on the Earth. 它(月球)是一个完全死寂的世界,是一片荒凉多山的不毛之地, 白天受到太阳灼热的照射,而在漫长的夜间,凛冽的严寒又远非地球上所能经历得到的。 2. Idioms used as Adjective The weather in London is always changeable. Sometimes it rains, sometimes it is fine, and more often it is foggy. 伦敦的天气变化无常,有时雨,有时晴,而且经常迷雾茫茫。 In addition to her role as editor-in-chief of Love Magazine, Katie Grand is a highly regarded stylist and creative consultant. Katie Grand 是《Love Magazine》总编辑,除此之外,她还是德高望重的造型师和颇有见解的时尚顾问。 3. Idioms used as Verbs A particularly striking aspect of Gauss’s character was his refusal to present any of his work until he believed it had been polished to the point of perfection. 高斯性格一个突出的方面是;不等到他确信把自己的著作琢磨得尽善尽美,他就不肯公诸于世。 Scientists laughed at the idea and would not take it seriously. 科学家们对这个想法嗤之以鼻,不愿把它当作一回事。 4. Idioms used as Adverbs A material has fallen from the skies in many places. This material is white, and it sometimes falls in strip about ten meters long. It disappears completely in a very short time. 在许多地方有一种物质从空中飘落下来。这种物质是白色的。有的形成十米左右的长带飘然而下, 很快就消失得无影无踪。 Selfless and anxious to help others, he led a simple life would worked perseveringly. 他没有私心,热心帮助别人,生活简朴,坚持不懈地工作。 5. Idioms used as Prepositional Phrases Computers are capable of doing extremely complicated work in all branches of learning. They can solve the most complex mathematical problems or put thousands of unrelated facts in order. 计算机能在所有的学术领域内进行极其复杂的工作,它们能解非常复杂的数学问题,或者把成千上万件毫不相干的资料整理得井井有条。 Most scientific progress is the result of careful consideration of work that has already been done. 科学上的进步多半是对已做的工作加以深思熟虑的结果。 6. Idioms used as Numbers An automatic production line is excellent for the automotive industry, where thousands of identical parts are produced. 自动生产线最适用于汽车工业,因为那里要生产成千上万个同样的零件。 Ten to one, forms of energy come from the sun directly or indirectly. 十之八九,多种形式的能量直接或间接来自太阳。 7. Other Usage of Idioms But try as they might, Michelson and Morley never obtained any effect at all. 但是尽管迈克耳逊和莫雷作了力所能及的努力,依然一无所获。 It is no wonder that Edison received so many honors during his life for the contributions to the progress of mankind. 由于对人类进步所作的贡献,爱迪生在一生中获得了如此众多的荣誉,实在是理所当然的。 In a word, it is easy to learn English,but it is difficult to attain perfection at it. So while we are doing English-Chinese translation we should always think about how to connect it with our long and great traditional culture, to make the words vivid and worthy of reading.

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