Guide the farmers to the cities
There are 1.3 billion people in China, 0.9 billon of which are farmers.
Though countryside society is differentiating future, the population in countryside is not decreasing, but increasing.
According to the survey conducted by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the population of farmers is increased 8 million compared to that of 1978.
A study report points out that “the problems related to countryside, agriculture and farmers can not solved efficiently without the development of urbanization”
People always used to say the problem related to farmers is land problem which is solved basically. Now it lies in the employment issues.
Therefore, it is urgently required to adjust the social construction in countryside and city, accelerate urbanization and change the condition that urbanization far lag behind industrialization.
一些经济学家估计，到 2005 年，中国农村剩余劳动力将上升至两亿人，这一庞大人口需要城市来吸纳。
Some economist estimated that the surplus labors in countryside will rocket to 0.2 billion in 2005, while such large population shall be accepted by the cities.
It is obviously not workable to immigrate large population totally to the big cities, as the employment pressure there is most heavy.
Some experts believe that the way out to shift countryside population shall focus on small towns.
The living spending and education spending of children of city citizens are much more than farmers, the employment opportunities is the same case.