Poetry has been part and parcel of people’s lives since a very long time before. It immortalized ancient civilizations through epics such as Gilgamesh, the Illiad, the Iniad, Beowolf, pre-Islamic poetry, especially The Mu, alaqat, etc. Poets, however, gained special dignified status. What is poetry, then? What makes it so highly evaluated?

To begin with, it means to express the emotions and touch the feelings and depths of listeners or readers. It adds something essential to their experiences. The poet, therefore, has to be fully aware of the capacity of language to make his message highly effective. The words of the poem surpass their textual denotations; they take new shades of meaning dictated by the poetic context. Be that as it may, poets resort to diverse devices to serve their intentions.

They apply a variety of figures of speech; there is rhythm, rhyme, tone; there is deviation from the institutionalized linguistic code, and there is musicality expressed through meters and cadence. Poetry, as the term suggests, is a unique art which differs from other arts both in degree and intensity. It is a form on language art which is notable not just for its economic use of word, its evocation of imagination and mood, but also for its ideas, or subtlety or accuracy of expression.

In Webster’s Dictionary: poetry is the most pure literature works of art, its language is metrical and refining implicative, rhythmic, sentence neatly. Poetry seems to be generations; its values are included in the whole poem. Compared with other literature genre, poetry enriches a national language culture essence; containing a distinct language cultural characteristics.