Korean is one kind of phonetic languages, which is made up by basic vowels (vowels), basic Twin Tone (consonants), double vowels (vowels), double Twin Tone (consonants) and the suffix. Consonants (consonants) can not be pronounced separately, they must get help from the vowel (vowels) to express their issue articulation manner.

Well, the vowels (vowels) can be pronounced separately, but can not alone as words, so if you want to make a pronounce of vowel (vowel), you must use consonants (consonants), which is/are in the form of “이응” to make vowels become a complete word. Now let’s get to know about the Korean alphabet.

  1. The basic vowels (vowels)

ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ

Font: 아 야 어 여 오 요 우 유 으 이

  1. The basic Twin Tone (consonants)

Consonants: ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ

Name: 이응 지읒 치읓 키읔 티읕 피읖 히읗

  1. The double Twin Tone (consonants)

Twin Tone (consonants) ㄲ ㄸ ㅃ ㅆ ㅉ

Name: 쌍기역 쌍디귿 쌍비읍 쌍시옷 쌍지읒

  1. The double vowels (vowels)

ㅐ ㅒ ㅔ ㅖ ㅘ ㅙ ㅚ ㅝ ㅞ ㅟ ㅢ

Font: 애 얘 에 예 와 왜 외 워 웨 위 의

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  1. The suffix

The consonants (consonants) of Korean can appear(s) in the form of prefix, as well as the form of suffix, but when they( or it) appear(s) as a suffix, there is a proprietary name for them, that is받침, which are(is) called as suffix in the book.

Although all of the consonants (consonants) can be used as suffix, when they are used as suffix, there are only seven tones can be pronounced, group 1) stands for the representative tones, the consonants (consonants) in group 2) pronounced in a uniform of the representative tones, which are in the group 2).

Read Also: Introduction of Korean (3)

1)Representative tones: the suffix

ㄱ ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ ㄳ ㄺ

ㄴ ㄴ ㄵ ㄶ

ㄷ ㄷ ㅅ ㅈ ㅊ ㅌ ㅎ ㅆ

ㄹ ㄹ ㄼ ㄽ ㄾ ㅀ

ㅁ ㅁ ㄻ

ㅂ ㅂ ㅍ ㅄ ㄿ

ㅇ ㅇ

2)The consonants (consonants)

ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ

ㄱ 가 갸 거 겨 고 교 구 규 그 기

ㄴ 나 냐 너 녀 노 뇨 누 뉴 느 니

ㄷ 다 댜 더 뎌 도 됴 두 듀 드 디

ㄹ 라 랴 러 려 로 료 루 류 르 리

ㅁ 마 먀 머 며 모 묘 무 뮤 므 미

ㅂ 바 뱌 머 벼 보 뵤 부 뷰 브 비

ㅅ 사 샤 서 셔 소 쇼 수 슈 스 시

ㅇ 아 야 어 여 오 요 우 유 으 이

ㅈ 자 쟈 저 져 조 죠 주 쥬 즈 지

ㅊ 차 챠 처 쳐 초 쵸 추 츄 츠 치

ㅋ 카 캬 커 켜 코 쿄 쿠 큐 크 키

ㅌ 타 탸 터 텨 토 툐 투 튜 트 티

ㅍ 파 퍄 퍼 펴 포 표 푸 퓨 프 피

ㅎ 하 햐 허 혀 호 효 후 휴 흐 히

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