Norwegian is Norway’s official language, spoken by virtually all of the country’s 4 million inhabitants.
Norway’s geography and living conditions have a myriad of local and regional dialects. Today, they still in a strong position. Norwegian has two official written forms, one is “Bokmål” (Bokmål), one is the “new Norwegian” (Nynorsk). “Bokmål” is based on Danish – Norwegian language, the written text in Denmark with Norway on the basis of the pronunciation of the eastern dialects evolved. “New Norwegian” according to a compilation of various western Norwegian dialects by linguist Ivar Aasen in the 1850s.
Although the “Bokmål” in major cities Oslo and somewhat more widely used, it have the equal official status with “new Norwegian”. People Use the “new Norwegian” who stands at about 10 to 15%, mainly in the western coastal areas. Another “new Norwegian” is also used in government documents, literary, dramatic arts, public broadcasting and church services.
Standard Norwegian, also known as East Norwegian, it is very closely to Danish, also known as the Danish Norwegian. The standard Norwegian recorded as: Norsk, Bokmal. The west Norwegian is widely used in the coast of Norway, less affected by the Danish, Norwegian is closer to the traditional, but because it is independent again after the Norwegian official language status had been established revival, so do the so called new Norwegian. West Norwegian remember to do: Norsk, Nynorsk Norwegian are all in school and learn two languages, will speak two languages. But more Norwegian language and Norwegian language written standard Wen Shi. International standards on the Norwegian language is the default language of Norway.
The alphabet of Norwegian make up from 29 letter : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Æ Ø Å.
There are two distinct dialects of Norwegian. The Dano-Norwegian dialect, originally called riksmål (“state language”), is now known as bokmå1 (“book language”). Most newspapers and radio and television broadcasts are in bokmå1. About 1850 a movement for the recognition of Norwegian as a language distinct from Danish led to the establishment of landsmå1 (“country language”), which was based on the dialects of rural Norway. Known today as nynorsk (“New Norse”), it was intended to carry on the tradition of Old Norse, interrupted in the 15th century.
Today, English is Norway’s most important foreign language for international, followed by German and French. In addition, about 4000 hearing-impaired to use Norwegian sign language. Norway is divided into two kinds of sign language were produced in Oslo and Trondheim, the oldest school for the deaf.