Turkish Noun Conditions
These six conditions are suffixed to the root word according to Vowel Harmony Rules. The vowels of the suffix match the final vowel of the root word.
Title Condition (Nominative):
The root word which carries no suffix. el – hand, the hand.
Ownership Condition (Genitive): -in/-ın/-un/-ün
This is the condition of “belonging to” meaning of, ‘s – in English – elin [el-in] – the hand’s, of the hand.
Specific Object Condition (Accusative): -i/-ı/-u/-ü
This is is the direct object of a verb meaning specific the in English – eli [el-i] – the hand (obj.)
Movement Towards Condition (Dative): -a/-e
This is the condition of movement towards meaning to, towards in English – ele [el-e] – to/towards the hand.
Static Position Condition (Locative): -da/-de or -ta/-te according to Consonant Mutation rules.
This is the condition of place and position meaning in, on, at in English – elde [el-de] – in/on/at the hand.
Movement Away Condition (Ablative): -dan/-den or -tan/-ten – according to Consonant Mutation rules.
This is the condition of movement away meaning from, by, via in English – elden [el-den] – from/by/via the hand.
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