Extension meaning of the word

As we know, vocabulary contains two different national English-Chinese customs and habits, therefore sometimes the meaning of some vocabulary is difficult to deal with, just rely on the meaning of dictionary is not enough, sometime we are even difficult to find the appropriate Chinese word. If we translate, which will make the translation meaning obscure, was not accurately express the original meaning, or even cause misunderstanding. Hereby we should flexibly, depending on the context, understand from the context of the sentence and the logical relationship further consider the connotations of the word, according to the basic meaning of the word, associative meaning,


Here we need pay attention to some tips:


I. The extension meaning of verb


Example: Millet made a portrait of lady Chesterfield, which flattered her. [/en]


米勒给柴斯特菲尔德贵夫人画了一副像,该像之美简直超过了她本人.


Here “flatter” doesn’t mean “to praise too much" but “to make better looking than the reality"


Example: The explorers worked their way up the mountain.


勘测工作者十分艰难地慢慢爬上那座高山.


Here “work one`s way up” is the meaning “to make one`s (or its) way up to” or “to move slowly and with difficulty" but not "to work".


II. The extension meaning of noun


1. She can speak Esperanto after a fashion.


她能说一点世界语.


The phrase “after a fashion” cannot understand as “come into fashion or be in fashion” and “after a fashion” should understand as “not very well or a little".


2. Sometimes an informal program will be organized after the meal, with dances, songs, or short talks followed by a question period.


有时候,在饭后举办非正式的活动,如:舞会,唱歌,或演讨讲座.


Here “program” cannot understand as “broadcast item”(eg, a play, discussion or documentary).


3. If we want your two cents, we`ll ask for it.


如果我们需要你的意见,我们会向你征询的.


Here “cent” is not “one 100th part of a US dollar", but “opinions or advice".


III. The extension meaning of adjective


1. His skills in use of colours was so great that some who viewed the paintings he created said that they were more true to life than life itself.


他运用色彩的技巧如此娴熟,有些看过他创作的油画的人都说它们比真实的生命还要逼真.


“great” cannot understand as “of remarkable ability or quality”, but “skillful at".


2. I can`t even talk about it, except to you, because anybody else would think I was yellow.


除你之外,这种事不能对别人说,因为别人会觉得我窝囊.


“yellow” cannot translate as “of the colour of ripe lemons, egg yolks or gold”, but “cowardly".


3. Conditions seem moderate by western standards, but compared with those existing in China a little over thirty years ago, the change is dramatic.


这些条件用西方的标准来衡量似乎很一般,但是如果和30年前中国条件相比,变化是出乎意料的.


“Dramatic” here has the extensive meaning “unexpected".


IV. The extension meaning of adjective


1. The doctor said to me , "That patient may die of cancer, for all I care."


医生对我说"那病人可能会因得癌症而死."


Here “for all I care” should understand as “possibly".


2. The engineer was taken ill with consumption. It was flour on the lungs, the doctor told him at the time.


这个工程师得了肺病,那是由于面粉对肺部的影响,当时医生对他这样说的.


Here “on” should understand as “effect".


The extension translation cannot be disengaged from the context of the sentence, no matter specific translation or abstraction translation, which are all in order to eliminate and reduce the language differences, to make the translation have the same effect with the original. Therefore, only to grope in a long-term practice of translation, we can reach a higher level.

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