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Describing Prescriptions

         While many prescriptions have an English name that is a translation of the original Chinese name, a pinyin rendition of the name is also appropriate.  For example, 四物汤 could be translated as Four Substances Decoction (Si Wu Tang) or Si Wu Decoction.        Common translations for modes of prescriptions include:      汤 Decoction      饮 Liquid      丸 Pill      水丸 Water Pill      丹    Special Pill, elixir      散 Powder      膏:抹于皮肤的用 ointment (较透明), cream (不透明);膏贴用 plaster; 喝的 syrup     药酒 Medicated Wine  English Names for Common Prescriptions 艾附暖宫丸Mugwort and Prepared Aconite Pill for Warming the Womb (Ai Fu Nuan Gong Wan ) 补中益气汤  Tonify the Middle and Augment Qi Decoction (Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang) 加减生脉散  Modified Generate the Pulse Powder (Jia Jian Sheng Mai San)             Also, Modified Sheng Mai Powder 加味二陈汤  Augmented Two Cured Decoction (Jia Wei Er Chen Tang)             Also, Augmented Er Chen Decoction 六味地黄丸  Six Ingredient Pill with Rehmannia (Liu Wei Di Huang Wan) 麻黄汤         Ephedra Decoction 青龙汤         Green Dragon Decoction (Qing Long Tang) 逍遥散         Rambling Powder (Xiao Yao San) For medicinals that needed special treatment, one would use the following terminology      包    Package for boiling      先下 Preboil (this medicinal) before adding the rest of the medicinals      后下 Add just before removing from fire      冲    Add to decoction just before ingesting  For example:               菟丝子  Semen Cuscuta Chinesis             10gm Package for Boiling               石膏先下    Gypsum                                    30gm Preboil 30 Minutes Before Adding Other Medicinals               钩藤后下    Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis     15gm Add 5 Minutes Before Removing From Fire               鹿茸粉  Corni Cervi Parvum powder         3gm  Add to Decoction Just Before Ingesting

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