Best languages that Influence the World

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Studies have revealed how information flows across different countries to communicate and spread ideas far and wide. It’s a fact; speak or write in English and the world will hear you. Choose to speak or write in Tamil or Portuguese, you may find it difficult and hard to get the message out. According to statistics the second best language is Spanish or Chinese.

The study of mapping out best speaking language incited by a conversation about an untranslated book. A master’s thesis formed the basis of this new research. A bilingual Hebrew-English speaker told his MIT adviser who was a Spanish-English speaker, about an untranslated book written in Hebrew whose translation into English he wasn’t yet aware of. He then initiated his research about how to create worldwide maps of information and ideas transmitting for multilingual people.

Researchers tackled the problem by describing three global language networks based on bilingual tweeters, book translations, and multilingual Wikipedia edits. The book translation network maps number of books translated into other languages. That network is based on 2.2 million translations of printed books published in more than 1000 languages. For tweets, the researchers used 550 million tweets by 17 million users in 73 languages. In that network, if a user tweets in, say, Hindi as well as in English, the two languages are connected. To build the Wikipedia network, the researchers tracked edits in up to five languages done by editors, carefully excluding bots.

It was observed that English has the most transmissions; to and from other languages and is the most central hub, in all three networks. On the other hand the maps also disclose “a halo of intermediate hubs,” such as French, German, and Russian, which serve the same function at a different scale.

In contrast, some languages with large populations of speakers, such as Mandarin, Hindi, and Arabic, are relatively quarantined in these networks. This concluded that fewer communications in those languages reach speakers of other languages. Meanwhile, a language like Dutch—spoken by 27 million people— was shown to be an unreasonably large channel, compared with a language like Arabic, which has a massive 530 million native and second-language speakers. This was accredited to Dutch which was very multilingual online.

The network maps only reveals what is already widely known: If you want to get your ideas out, you can reach a lot of people through the English language. However it also discloses how speakers in distinct languages benefit from being indirectly associated through hub languages large and small. On Twitter, for example, ideas in Filipino can supposedly move to the Korean-speaking sphere of influence through Malay, whereas the most likely path for ideas to go from Turkish to Malayalam (spoken in India by 35 million people) is through English.

The authors note that the users they studied, whom they consider literate since they are online, do not represent all the speakers of a language. However, these elites of global languages have a disproportionate amount of power and responsibility, because they are silently the perspectives in which distant cultures comprehend each other—even if this is not their goal,” Hidalgo says. Most people learned about the conflict in Ukraine 2014 through news stories initially written in English and then translated to other languages. In this case, “any unspoken bias or angle taken by the English media will color the material about the conflict available now to many non-English speakers.

The networks potentially offer guidance to governments and other language communities that want to change their international role. If a country wants its national language to be more prominent, then it should invest in translating more documents, boosting more people to tweet in their national language. On the contrary, if a country wants their ideas to spread, it should pick a second language that’s very well connected.

For those who don’t speak English, English as second or third language is a clear option for them. For English speakers, the analysis suggests it would be more beneficial to choose Spanish over Chinese especially if they’re spreading their ideas through writing.

The problem of measuring the relative status of the world’s languages “is a very tricky one, and often very hard to get good data about,” says Mark Davis, the president and co-founder of the Unicode Consortium in Mountain View, California, which does character encoding for the world’s computers and mobile devices. “Their perspective on the problem is interesting and useful.”

Cultural transmission happens in spoken language too. Data on interactions reveal the souks of Marrakech, where people speak Arabic, Hassaniya, Moroccan Arabic, French, Tashelhit, and other languages, are impossible to get but important in cultural transmission. As internet becomes available to more people around the world, they go online in their own languages. When they do so they know how to connect to other languages and move their ideas, too.

XMAS SPIRIT: “MERRY CHRISTMAS” Around the World

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Arabic Merry Christmas Mboni Chrismen
Asturian Merry Christmas Frohe Weihnachten
Benagli Merry Christmas Shuvo Baro Din
Bulgarian Merry Christmas Vessela Koleda
Catalan Merry Christmas Bon Nadal
Cantonese Merry Christmas Sing dan fiy loc, Merry Christmas
Croatian Merry Christmas Sretan Bozic
Czech Merry Christmas Vesele Vanoce
Danish Merry Christmas Glaedelig Jul
Dutch or German Merry Christmas Frohliche Weihnachten
Estonian Merry Christmas Haid Joule, Rôômsaid Jôule
Finnish Merry Christmas Hauskaa Joulua
French Merry Christmas Joyeux Noel
Greek Merry Christmas Eftihismena Christougenna
Hebrew Merry Christmas Mo’adim Lesimkha
Hungarian Merry Christmas Veseloho Vam Rizdva
Indonesia Merry Christmas Salamet Hari Natal
Inuktitut Merry Christmas Merry Christmas, Joyeux Noel
Italian Merry Christmas Buon Natale
Japanese Merry Christmas Merii Kurisumasu
Kazakh Merry Christmas De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawaau ne wai kal de mubarak sha
Khmer Merry Christmas Chuc mung Giang Sinh
Korean Merry Christmas Sung Tan Chuk Ha
Lao Merry Christmas Ewadee Pe-e Mai
Latvian Merry Christmas Priecigus ziemassvetkus!
Lithuanian Merry Christmas Laimingu Kaledu
Mandarin Merry Christmas Sheng Tan Kuai Loh
Malay Merry Christmas Maligayang Pasko
Norwegian Merry Christmas Gledelig Jul
Polish Merry Christmas Wesolych Swiat
Portuguese Merry Christmas Boas Festas
Romanian Merry Christmas Sarbatori vesele
Russian Merry Christmas Hristos Razdajetsja, Rozdjestvom Hristovim
Slovenian Merry Christmas Srecen Bozic
Spanish Merry Christmas Feliz Navidad
Swedish Merry Christmas God Jul
Taglog Merry Christmas Maligayang Pasko
Thai Merry Christmas Ewadee Pe-e Mai
Turkish Merry Christmas Mutlu Noeller
Ukranian Merry Christmas Veseloho Vam Rizdva
Urdu Merry Christmas Bara Din Mubarrak Ho

 

 

XMAS SPIRIT: CHRISTMAS TREES AROUND THE WORLD

A Christmas tree – symbol of Christmas, a decorated tree typically an evergreen conifer such as spruce, pine, or fir. The tradition of the Christmas tree established in early modern Germany with precursors that can be found to the 16th and possibly 15th century, in which sincere Christians carried ornamented trees into their homes. It attained acceptance and popularity outside Germany during the middle 19th century, at first among the upper classes.

The tree was conventionally decorated with provisions such as apples, nuts, or other foods. In the 18th century, people began to be illuminate it with candles which were eventually substituted by Christmas lights after the beginning of electrification. Today, there are a wide variety of traditional ornaments, such as garland, tinsel, and candy canes. An angel or star is placed at the top of the tree to signify the angel Gabriel or the Star of Bethlehem from the Nativity.

The Christmas tree has also been known as the “Yule-tree”, especially in discussions of its folkloric roots.

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XMAS SPIRIT: JOY OF CHRISTMAS ROUND THE WORLD

Christmas is one of the prevalent celebrations for Christians. With the world transforming in a global village, Christmas is now eminent in countries worldwide. Caroling, feasting, and greetings, gift-giving along with the prayers and wishes – Christmas is fêted with high spirits. Though the spirit remains the same throughout however the mode of celebration, the dates and the traditions vary. For some it is a month long festival which begins with the Dawn on Sunday subsequent to November 26 and ends on January 6 with the feast of Epiphany (the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi (Matthew 2:1–12)), while most people celebrate it as a festive season spreading over a week. Read on to our Christmas series to have a glimpse over the diverse ways in which it is celebrated in different countries.

Read on for a how Christmas is celebrated in different countries:

 AFRICAchristmas_Africa

Christmas falls during summer in South Africa, schools are closed for vacations and flowers bloom throughout the town.

Christmas day begins with happy people singing Christmas carols throughout the town, some people are also awakened by the lovely sung carols. Everyone begins the day with worship at their house and later they prepare to dress in finest clothing for the Christmas service at the Church.

It is a norm to bring gifts at the service to be present in honor of Jesus at the service. No one attends the service without presenting gifts, this is their way of celebrating. Later people rejoice with dinner at their place.

Houses are decorated with pine branches and have a Christmas fir decorated in the corner. Presents for children are kept under the tree. Before bedtime, children hang stockings to be filled with presents by Christmas Father.

Christmas_ArgentinaARGENTINA

Christmas is observed on the 25th of December in Argentina during the summer. Preparations begin a little early for Christmas in argentina than other countries. Houses are decorated with lights and flowers. Usually red and white garlands are hung, also artificial trees are used to create Christmas tree. Many set up a creche in their homes during the season, setting up Christ’s manger with great care. The “pesebre” is placed close to the Christmas tree. A wonderful custom practiced be many people here is applying cotton balls on the branches of the Christmas tree to simulate snow throughout the nativity.

Families attend religious services at the church. And later visit each other’s home on the joys occasion. At midnight on 24th December, fireworks are usually seen to commemorate the birth of Christ. Families also light “globos”, colourful paper baloons that take off into the sky when lit from inside. If you visit Argentina during Christmas, you will be spellbound by the beauty of the numerous “globos” flying in the night sky.

Christmas Deer and DecorationsALASKA

Most Alaskan Christians celebrate Christmas on December 25th, just as people do in the continent of the US. Santa Claus may arrive for a pre-Christmas visit. The songs sang at each home include Aleut words Gristuusaaq suu’uq, or Christ is born. Everyone joins in the closing words, Mnogaya leta, or god grant you many years. At the end of the carols the host provides carolers with maple-frosted doughnuts, cookies, candy, piruk, or fish pie, and sometimes smoked salmon. In Alaska children wander from house to house carrying a colored star on a long pole, and singing carols.

CHRISTMAS_BRAZILBRAZIL

In Brazil, Christmas is one of the most important festive days, or “dia de festas”. It is celebrated on 25th December.

Having a multicultural population, the festivities in the country are influenced by ethnic ways. As a former Portuguese colony, they have retained some of the Christmas customs of their former masters. Notable among these is creating a nativity scene or “Presepio”. Every December, presépios are created during Christmas and displayed in churches, houses and stores. Come January and they are dismantled along with the Christmas trees and lights.

A highlight of Christmas celebrations in Brazil is making huge Christmas “trees” of electric lights. These “electric trees” can be seen against the night skies in major cities such as Brasilia, São Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro throughout the season. Christmas carols are sung during Christmas to commemorate the birth of Christ. In some regions the feast starts on Christmas Eve around 9 pm, while at other places it is eaten at midnight with the children being served first. Except for the high temperatures and the absence of snow, Christmas here is pretty much the same as it is in the US.

CHRISTMAS_CANADACANADA

In Canada, Christmas Day is celebrated on 25th December.

The Christmas festivities here are quite similar to the American observance of the occasion. Pantomiming wearing masks is a popular tradition in Canada. Local people wear masks and visit houses during the twelve days of Christmas, miming and making rude noises and actions, ringing bells and asking for candy or other treats. The mummers remove their disguise and stop behaving riotously if the hosts guess their identities correctly. They also quiz the children to check whether they have been good in the past year, and if they are satisfied, the kids receive candy as reward.

Christmas decorations start here from several days before 25th December. In Quebec, elaborate nativity scenes are displayed in individual homes as Christmas decorations.

On December 24, Christmas Eve, extended family members get together for a fun-filled celebration. A mass service is held at midnight and attended by many. In Canada, tourtière or pork pie is served to everybody who attends the Midnight Mass. After participating in the Christmas Eve Mass, many Canadian families (especially those of French descent) have a grand dinner that lasts well into the early hours of Christmas morning.

In Canada, children hold Santa Claus to be the bringer of their presents. Many of them hang their stockings to be filled by him with gifts and goodies. Many Canadians open their gifts on Christmas Eve, while others choose to unwrap only one gift on this day and open the rest on Christmas Day.

CHRISTMAS_CHINACHINA

Christmas is one of the most celebrated holidays in the world. Both Hong Kong and Macau designate Christmas as a public holiday on December 25. Arrival of winter marks the celebration of Christmas in China. People decorate their homes with dazzling Christmas lights, beautiful Christmas tree and mouthwatering Christmas recipes. Christmas trees are called “trees of light” and are also decorated with paper chains, paper flowers, and paper lanterns. Children hang up muslin stockings in hopes that Dun Che Lao Ren (China’s Santa) will visit and fill them with presents.

Although Christianity is unofficial in China, there are an estimated 10 million baptized Christians (about 1 percent of the population) who celebrate the birth of Jesus at Christmas time.

Christmas_DenmarkDENMARK

In Denmark, the Christmas celebrations begin with Advent. In each Sunday in Advent, each one of the four candles are lit on the Advent wreath, which is traditionally made here out of fine spruce twigs and cuttings. On each Sunday in Advent, guests are invited to join in the lighting of the candles on the Advent crown. In the weeks leading to the Christmas Eve, Danish families set up Christmas trees in their homes and decorate them in the most beautiful manner. The trees, commonly spruce, are usually decorated with a silver or gold star on the top.

Here, the main Christmas celebration is on December 24(Christmas Eve). But the festive atmosphere is quite apparent even on the day before, i.e 23rd December. In Denmark, this day is popularly called “Lille Juleaften” (Little Christmas Eve). Christmas Day (December 25th) is a rather quiet time and is usually a day to be spent in the company of close friends and family members.

christmas_franceFRANCE

Christmas in France is a time for get together with family and friends. It is a time to worship together, dine together and enjoy together.

Arranging the Nativity scene is a popular custom associated with the French Christmas season. During Christmas, nearly every home in the country displays a Nativity scene or creche which is the center of Christmas celebrations for families. Little clay figures called “santons” or “little saints” are placed in the creche. Children put out in the hearth their shoes or wooden clogs called sabots to be filled with gifts from Pere Noel, the French equivalent of the British Father Christmas and the American Santa Claus.

The custom of Christmas tree decoration has never been that popular in France. The use of the Yule log has faded in the country, though in the southern parts a log is burned in individual homes from Christmas Eve until New Years Day.

Christmas_IndiaINDIA

India is a secular nation and houses every community. Christians are a minority here and form nearly 2.3% of the population. But the fact that there are only about 25 million Christians in India, in no way lessens the observance of the festival.

For Indian Christians, especially the Catholics, the Midnight mass on Christmas Eve is a very important service and holds great religious significance. Every year, on the night of 24th December, all members in Christian families visit their local churches to attend the Midnight mass.

In India, Father Christmas or Santa Claus is held to be the giver of presents to children from a horse and cart. As in the U.S., he is believed to deliver presents at the house of every kid who behaves well during the whole year. Santa Claus is known as ‘Christmas Baba’ in Hindi and ‘Christmas Thaathaa’ in Tamil.

CHRISTMAS_ITALYITALY

In Italy, the Christmas season goes for three weeks, starting 8 days before Christmas known as the Novena and lasts till after the Feast of Epiphany. The opening of the Holy Season is announced by the sound of cannon firing from the Castle of Saint Angelo in Rome. Eight days before Christmas, a special service of prayers and church worship begin which ends on Christmas Day. This special service is known as the Novena, a Roman Catholic worship service consisting of prayers on nine consecutive days. The Nativity scene is one of the most beloved and enduring symbols of the Christmas season. Creating the Nativity scene during Christmas actually originated in Italy.

Presepio is the center of Christmas celebrations for families. By twilight, candles are lighted around the family crib known as the Presepio, prayers are said, and children recite poems. Guests kneel before the crib and musicians sing before it. The tree is a fir, real or fake, decorated with colored balls and multicolored lights. Both the “Presepio” and the tree are put away in the evening of next year on January 6th. A strict fast is observed a day before Christmas and ends 24 hours later with an elaborate celebratory Christmas feast.

Application Localization: Think Globally, App Locally

Mobile applications are launched daily, worldwide. Nearly every business, institution, industry is launching their websites and apps. Many applications are launched in different versions for different platforms. This is majorly done to expand and enter new market capacity.

Now, the important fact of the matter is that different countries speak different languages which makes the need of using native language in applications compulsory. This ascertains delivery of correct and exact message; it also makes the application user-friendly hence increasing usage.

Over the past decade we have observed that more and more companies localize their websites in the native language to increase accessibility. This is generally done to generate more users than the common English language. Likewise, applications are becoming face of a brand, company or organization. Thus, a mobile application translated in the local language is sure to generate more business.

An important element to achieve goal of localizing application is to translate all the data of the application in target language.

Data and surveys show that a person is more likely to download and install a mobile application that is in his/her mother tongue. Thus, to increase the user base of a mobile application, mobile app localization services are becoming a mandate”. – see infographic
 Infograph_native-apps-vs-web-apps-2Picture Courtesy: Everypost Blog

To summarize native apps are:

  • Much more popular among consumers
  • Better user-experience
  • Compatible with all smartphones like cameras or GPS
  • Do not require connection with internet to operate
  • Generally faster than using mobile web

When developing native mobile applications important things to be taken in consideration are:

  • Speed and performance of the application should be fast
  • Include device-specific features
  • Figure out if an internet connection is required or not to run application.
  • Make it compatible with other mobile platforms and devices
  • Trans creating the graphics of the application according to the targeted segment demographic
  • Other aspects to be considered while localizing application is not to lose the original impact of the content made by the developers.

In a nutshell, for global reach, mobile app localization is rapidly gaining prominence. While choosing a translation agency to get your app localized, you must check the certifications that the company has, the qualifications of its translators, its quality policy and its client base.

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION AT WORK

 

 

 

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION AT WORK

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Effective communication skills are fundamental to success in many aspects of life. Many jobs require strong communication skills and socially people with improved communication skills usually have better interpersonal relationships.

 

Effective communication is a key interpersonal skill and by learning how we can improve our communication has many benefits.

 

So for effective communication, we need to learn to work with different styles.

•       First, figure out what behavioral pattern best describes your situation at work, at home, etc.

 

•       Next, learn to “read” others to determine their behavioral styles

 

•       Finally, adapt your style, look to make consensus or agreement and have them “joint your cause”…

 

 

Identifying the Four Styles

 

»       Dominance:

 

−       These individuals like immediate action, make quick decisions, and take authority. They are typically someone who wants to shape the environment.

 

»       Influence:

 

−       These individuals generate enthusiasm, are optimists, like to connect with people on a social level, and enjoy participating in groups.

 

»       Steadiness:

 

−       These individuals are loyal, have patience, and are cooperative. They perform in a consistent manner, are calm, and create a stable, harmonious work environment.

 

»       Conscientiousness:

 

−       These individuals are detailed oriented and tend to think analytically. They analyze performance critically, check for accuracy, and use systematic approach.

 

 

 

“Adapting” to the Styles of Others

 

»       After you can identify a person‘s individual style, you face the most difficult challenge – adapting to their personality!!!

 

 

»       In order to “ Adapt“ properly you must:

 

−       Know your stengths and weknesses…

 

−       Identify the threats and opportunities…

 

−       Concentrate and focus on bridging the gaps…

 

−       Keep an open mind and use language the other style will respect and listen to…

 

 

“Adapting” —— How to Talk to the Styles

 

»       Dominance:

 

−       Get straight to business

 

−       Don‘t waste time

 

−       Stress efficiency

 

−       Present an air of authority

 

−       Omit unnecessary detail

 

−       Ask direct question

 

−       Answer questions directly

 

−       Be well-organized

 

−       Give options, not opinions

 

 

»       Influence:

 

−       Give the “Big Picture“

 

−       Show the bottom line

 

−       Be stimulating

 

−       Be enthusiastic

 

−       Be optimistic

 

−       Give testimonials

 

−       Ask for their ideas and opinions

 

−       Keep the atmosphere warm and friendly

 

−       Don‘t dwell on the details

 

 

»       Steadiness:

 

−       Create a warm, friendly climate

 

−       Give many reassurances

 

−       Be sincere

 

−       Give time to adjust

 

−       Show how plans will impact people

 

−       Stress security aspects

 

−       Recognize their work ethic

 

−       Show appreciation

 

−       Be sensitive to feeling

 

 

»       Conscientiousness:

 

−       Be prpared

 

−       Be thorouth

 

−       Be accurate

 

−       Provide evidence

 

−       Show facts and statistics

 

−       Present both pros and cons

 

−       Use charts and graphs

 

−       Give time for thought

 

−       Be calm

 

 

 

The strengths of each style help to produce superior results for teams, so we should handle the conflict caused by different styles to achieve effective communication.

 

Research on keeping optimistic

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Why are some people always optimistic?

Even when faced with the bleak reality , some people are still able to keep optimism , a recent study might be able to explain why.

“Nature – Neuroscience”, a study released on October 9 , said the brain is very good at processing good news relating to the future . What’s more, for some people , they will “ignore ” all the negative information and stay positive.

Researchers of University College London said that about 80 % of people are optimists , even though they do not consider themselves optimistic.

In the study, scientists make researches on 14 volunteer individuals to evaluate their degree of optimism, and performed brain imaging to them. The researchers would ask volunteers, how some of the “worst cases” would likely happen in the real world, including divorce , or having cancer and other 80 different bad things. After that, they would tell the volunteers the real possibility that the problem may occur. When the survey is finished, the participants will again rate for those possibilities.

For optimists , they would only change their own answers slightly at the end of the survey, though referring to the real situation told by the researchers. For example , the researchers told them, the likelihood of suffering from cancer in real life is 30%. If the one was initially considered the risk of having cancer was 40%, then that ” the incidence of cancer is 30%” is good news to him, eventually he would change the rate to about 31%. But if the risk of cancer was initially filled 10% , and that ” the incidence of cancer is 30%”, which is the bad news , finally he would ignore the bad news , only raise on the basis of 10% a little more .

When the information obtained is positive, his brain has more activities in  frontal lobe area, where it is related processing errors. When it is negative information obtained, for the most optimistic people, their frontal lobe activity is the weakest , while the most pessimistic have the strongest frontal lobe activity. This shows that the brain may choose information according to its preference.

The researchers said, ” Smoking can kill people, but people will not listen, because they think the real possibility  that they have cancer is very low. The divorce rate is 50%, but they do not think it will happen to them.”

To adjust attitude and  remain optimistic , be calm and optimistic is very important to women. In the fast-paced city life , only if we can adjust our attitude and manage our emotions, can we keep physical and mental health.

Social Media Can Impact Business Marketing but How?

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You must be known to the fact that social media sites and pages have transformed the way we communicate with each other over the last decade. It has exerted greater pressure on business industry as well with social networking sites such as Facebook, Google, Twitter, YouTube and LinkedIn. These sites have the ability to put significant impact on the growth of your business and core dynamics for a successful business entity. This is the reason why a well-planned business marketing strategy is pre-requisite to triumphed business.

The Rising Importance of Social Media for Businesses

Social media has significantly improved the worth of search engine optimization (SEO) techniques and strategies for various business industries. No matter what business you are dealing in, it is just a piece of show without social media optimization implementation in it which is now an important source of business marketing and can increase a website’s SERPs. Not only this, it has the ability to improve brand awareness among target audience and generate leads in sales of any business.

If a businessman acquires membership in social networks and develop social media website for business marketing, it makes possible for business to directly interact with their target audience, acknowledge feedbacks to improve services, analyse reviews and comments whether positive or negative and modify or change their strategies accordingly.

Here are some of the evident and vital reasons that why businesses in today’s era chose social media as a core part of their business marketing strategy.

* According to a research there were around more than 2.2 billion internet users worldwide in December 2012 and most amazingly the number is still increasing rapidly.

* Around one billion people are putting in their ideas, experiences and opinions with the help of interactive websites around the globe.

* Daily usage of Internet user and access to the Internet is increasing on daily basis and now on their mobile devices as well.

These points validate and clarify that how social media is impacting business marketing strategies and bringing up fruitful results.

The very skilful uses of these wonderful strategies are seriously helping businessmen to create vivacious buzz for business on famous interactive websites and keep connected to the most targeted customer base or all stakeholders. By sharing the high value content for the products and services on social media system, you can engage customers with meaningful business trade leading to work wonders and make your presence amazingly felt in the market.

With all such traits grasped by social media business marketing strategies you can also build your BRAND. There are various service providers of Social Media Marketing, who build and create your dynamic profile with attractive name or with the name of your business and give elaborative description to clearly project your brand in the whole marker which is linked to your business website generating valuable brand awareness and brand perception. So with a well-planned social media marketing strategy which is crucial for any business marketing plan you can dig the treasure of profits for your business.

 

Reasons for the Popularity of Chinese Among Westerners

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Why are there so many people who want to learn Chinese? It’s really a question with various answers. But the main reason can be summarized into two points. The first one is the splendid Chinese culture. Foreigners are interested in the profound and mysterious Chinese culture: The acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine, which are typical of Chinese culture, is being welcomed by more and more westerners. Many foreigners come to China to learn Peking Opera, to study Chinese calligraphy and painting or to learn to practice Qigong and Tai Chi, to experience the traditional Chinese culture. Even some westerners go to Chinese restaurants with their families on holidays to learn how to use chopsticks or to have a taste of Chinese traditional foods such as tofu, dumplings, spring rolls and so on. As Chinese is the very key to open the Chinese civilization, only when one has this key can he run faster to the pinnacle of the pagoda of Chinese culture.

Then, the second reason is that many people learn Chinese out of the influence of the world’s economic situation. With the rapid development of China’s economy and foreign trade, the demands for technical personnel have been greatly increased all around the world; China as a huge market is promising. If foreigners who invest in China can not say any words or expressions for everyday use, it will bring them difficulties in some degree when they negotiate with Chinese businessmen. As a result, all kinds of companies cry for more intellectual technicians, who can translate or interpret Chinese. And those people who possess this skill will earn more money. That is to say, if one’s salary and career are influenced by one language, people will definitely learn it and apply it to their job. Therefore, the development of Chinese economy promotes the upsurge of learning Chinese to some extent, while the lack of talents and the temptation of high income also stimulate an increasing number of foreigners to study Chinese. In Japan and other Asian countries, Chinese has become a bargaining counter to find a job. It is best exemplified by Japanese police test which is similar to Chinese civil service examinations. Those Japanese who want to be a policeman or policewoman must pass this test which requires the candidates knowing a lot of Chinese and the history of China’s development. Another example is that in the past, French people who study Chinese tend to feel that the traditional Chinese culture is a culture with elegance and long history. It is the very interest that draws their attention to learn it. But now, lots of people learn Chinese not only for the curiosity of ancient oriental culture, but also for their future employment and the development of careers. In Paris, people even can see a large advertisement board in the street saying “Learn Chinese! It will bring you opportunities and jobs in the next twenty years.”

A language can be popular around the world not only because of itself. There must be a ripe condition and the great support from the government of this spoken language. Why Chinese can be popular around the world? Besides those reasons analyzed above, it can also be attributed to the efforts that Chinese government does to promote its language at the global level. It can be seen from the establishment of the first Confucius Institute in Seoul, Korea on November 21, 2004. The Confucius Institute is thought not to be a school which teaches people the courses of Confucius, but a non-profit institute to borrow the name of Confucius at promoting the Chinese language all over the world and disseminating the culture of China as the fundamental task. Besides, President Hu Jintao, Premier Wen Jiabao and other leaders made important instructions several times on the building of the Confucius Institute, requiring it be established after overall planning and be progressed solidly as well as be run well one by one. Those instructions made by the national leaders on the establishment of Confucius Institutes and their great attention paid on the dissemination of Chinese play an important role in stimulating the interest of learning Chinese by foreigners. Thus, it creates a good circumstance Chinese to be popular around the world.

Break Your Career Bottleneck

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If you have been working in a company since graduation and never communicate with others engaged in your industry outside of your company, you may feel as if you were a veteran that no one can surpass or replace. However, that’s not what will happen.

Crisis awareness is necessary for every player in the market place. To remain competitive, you need to move on and on and never stop trying new things or making good use of criticism. Only when you’re open-minded enough and keep pace with the development of times, can you make progress all the time and break the bottlenecks in your career path.

Try Something New

Perhaps you’re reluctant to play a different sport, change your usual holiday destination or acquire a new language or skill. Maybe you’re even reluctant to try a fresh route to work in case you get lost and look foolish. The fear of looking silly can stop many people dead in their tracks. If you can cope with looking a trifle daft now and again, you’ll find it a lot easier to discover novel interests, immerse yourself in new experiences and acquire new skills. Even doing small things like eating different cuisines or going on a one-day meditation course (or a course on anything that interests you!) can broaden your horizons.

Doing something foolish doesn’t mean you’re a fool. It’s pretty much impossible for you to learn a new language or how to play the piano without making lots of grammatical gaffes or hitting the wrong notes. By giving yourself the opportunity to try new things, you may have a lot of fun in the process, even if you don’t become a polyglot or a pianist in the Royal Philharmonic. Lots of things in life are worth doing simply for the sake of it!

Make Good Use of Criticism

Constructive criticism is a vital element of learning. Of course, not all the criticism you receive may be delivered in a skilled or constructive way. Nevertheless, if you can step back from negative feedback long enough to access its validity, you can use it to your advantage. Often, other people can see more clearly than you where you’re going ‘wrong’- others can have the benefit of an objective viewpoint.

If you believe that you must get everything right or perfect, and that any indication that you’re failing at a task is evidence that you’re inadequate, then you can get very disturbed by criticism. Rather than using feedback to evaluate your approach to a specific task, you’re likely to use it as a battering tool on your sense of worth. You may become defensive at the first sniff of less-than-positive comments on your performance.

Rather than reacting to critical comments over-sensitively, you can develop more tolerance to such comments so that you find them useful. Try the following techniques:

  • Get rid of your defensive stance. Listen openly to what people are saying about you.
  • Understand that you don’t need to be right every time. You have the option to behave less than perfectly now and again. Accepting that you can be wrong sometimes means that you can find criticism easier to take.
  • Take time to weigh up the validity of the comments made and then to use any legitimate information offered to aid your development.