国际贸易常用术语翻译

国际贸易常用术语翻译
下面是我整理的一些常用的国际贸易术语,以丰富自己的学习。
贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade
贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade
出口信贷 export credit
出口津贴 export subsidy
商品倾销 dumping
外汇倾销 exchange dumping
优惠关税 special preferences
保税仓库 bonded warehouse
进口配额制 import quotas
自由贸易区 free trade zone
对外贸易值 value of foreign trade
国际贸易值 value of international trade
普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP
最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT
价格术语trade term (price term)
运费freight
单价 price
码头费wharfage
卸货费landing charges
总值 total value
金额 amount 关税customs duty
净价 net price
港口税portdues
印花税stamp duty
含佣价price including commission
回佣return commission
折扣discount,allowance
装运港port of shipment
卸货港port of discharge
批发价 wholesale price
目的港portof destination
零售价 retail price
进口许口证inportlicence
出口许口证exportlicence
现货价格spot price
期货价格forward price
现行价格(时价)current price prevailingprice
国际市场价格 world (International)Marketprice
离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board
成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight
到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight
交货条件
交货delivery 轮船steamship(缩写S.S)
装运、装船shipment 租船charter (the chartered shep) 交货时间 time of delivery
定程租船voyage charter; 装运期限time of shipment 定期租船time charter
托运人(一般指出口商)shipper,consignor
收货人consignee
班轮regular shipping liner 驳船lighter
舱位shipping space 油轮tanker
报关clearance of goods
陆运收据cargo receipt
提货to take delivery of goods
正本提单original BL
空运提单airway bill
选择港(任意港)optional port
选港费optional charges
选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers account
一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment
一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.
一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment
在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots
在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots
分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments
分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments
立即装运 immediate shipments
即期装运 prompt shipments
收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C
允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted
partial shipment not unacceptable
订单 indent 订货;订购 book; booking
电复 cable reply 实盘 firm offer
递盘 bid; bidding 递实盘 bid firm
还盘 counter offer 发盘(发价) offer
发实盘 offer firm 询盘(询价) inquiry; enquiry
指示性价格 price indication
速复 reply immediately
参考价 reference price
习惯做法 usual practice
交易磋商 business negotiation
不受约束 without engagement
业务洽谈 business discussion
限xx复 subject to reply xx
限xx复到 subject to reply reaching here  xx
有效期限 time of validity
有效至 xx:   valid till   xx
购货合同 purchase contract 销售合同 sales contract
购货确认书 purchase confirmation
销售确认书 sales confirmation
一般交易条件 general terms and conditions
以未售出为准 subject to prior sale
需经卖方确认 subject to sellers confirmation
需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation
贸易方式
INT (拍卖auction) 寄售consignment
招标invitation of tender
投标submission of tender
一般代理人agent
总代理人general agent
代理协议agency agreement
累计佣金accumulative commission
补偿贸易compensation trade
(或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade
(又叫:往返贸易) counter trade
来料加工processing on giving materials
来料装配assembling on provided parts
独家经营/专营权exclusive right
独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement
独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency;
exclusive agent
品质条件
品质 quality
原样 original sample
规格 specifications
复样 duplicate sample
说明 description
对等样品 countersample
标准 standard type
参考样品 reference sample
商品目录 catalogue
封样 sealed sample
宣传小册 pamphlet
公差 tolerance
货号 article No.
花色(搭配) assortment
样品 sample 5%
增减 5% plus or minus
代表性样品 representative sample
大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality
索赔 claim
争议disputes
罚金条款 penalty
仲裁arbitration   仲裁庭arbitral tribunal
不可抗力 force Majeure
产地证明书certificate of origin
品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity
重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)
**商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)
品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate
毛作净 gross for net  净重 net weight
容积 capacity
体积 volume 皮重 tare
毛重 gross weight
溢短装条款 more or less clause
外汇 foreign exchange 外币 foreign currency
法定贬值 devaluation法定升值 revaluation
汇率 rate of exchange 浮动汇率floating rate
国际收支 balance of payments
直接标价 direct quotation
间接标价 indirect quotation    金平价 gold standard
买入汇率 buying rate 通货膨胀 inflation
卖出汇率 selling rate     固定汇率 fixed rate
金本位制度 gold standard    黄金输送点 gold points
铸币平价 mint par    纸币制度 paper money system
国际货币基金 international monetary fund
黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve
汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuatio
软通货 soft currency
硬通货 hard currency

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