与动物有关的少数熟语翻译

总结了下平时接触少数与动物有关的熟语的中日英翻译,由于各自的语言习惯的不同,如果以中文为参照,有些是直译,有些是意译,甚至用了比喻义,下面列出一些翻译供参考。
1.马后炮 後の祭り(あとのまつり) Belated effort
2.千里之堤溃于蚁穴
千里(せんり)の堤(つつみ)も蚁(あり)の穴(あな)から
A solid dyke can collapse because of an ant hole in it/Slight negligence may lead to great disaster/A small leak will sink a great ship/The collapse of a thousand li dyke begins from the ant-hole...
3.宰鸡焉用牛刀
大根(だいこん)を正宗(まさむね)で切(き)るなかれ/鶏(にわとり)を割(さ)くに焉(いすく)んぞ牛刀(ぎゅうとう)を用(もち)いん
break a butterfly on a wheel
4.画蛇添足
月夜に提灯(つきよにちょうちん)
paint/gild the lily
5.对牛弹琴
猫に小判(ねこにこばん)
cast peals before swine
6.亡羊补牢
火事(かじ)の後(あと)の火(ひ)の用心(ようじん)
Cock the stable door after the horse is stolen.
7.挂羊头,卖狗肉
羊頭狗肉(ようとうくにく)
sail under false colors/sell horse-meat as beef-steak…
8不入虎穴,焉得虎子
虎穴(こけつ)に入(い)らずんば虎児(こじ)を得ず
Go to the sea, if you would fish well.
9纸老虎  张子(はりこ)の虎(とら) paper tiger
10瘦死的骆驼比马大
腐(くさ)っても鯛(たい)
A starved/skinny/lean camel is bigger than a horse.
11指鹿为马
鹿(しか)をさして马(うま)をなす
Distort the truth/talk black into white/call stag a horse
12害群之马
狮子(しし)身中(しんちゅう)の虫(むし)
Black sheep/rotten apple/evil member of the herb/pest of society...

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